PRE-SOWING SEEDS TREATMENT WITH IONIZING RADIATION

ECO-FRIENDLY TECHNOLOGY FOR INCREASING YIELDS



X-RAY PRE-SOWING TREATMENT TO INCREASE THE HARVEST

The constant growth of the world's population, the growing demand for quality food and global climate change have led to a significant exhaustion of agricultural land and an increase in the use of expensive pesticides and fertilizers in an attempt to maintain and increase agricultural harvests.

The use of modern environmentally friendly technology for pre-sowing seed treatment with small doses of X-ray radiation solves many problems of providing the population with food.



Since the 1930s, scientists around the world have carried out thousands of tests with hundreds of types of crops on pre-sowing treatment with gamma and X-ray radiation in order to identify a technology that can increase productivity, crop tolerance to different climatic conditions, pathogenic microorganisms, etc.
COMPLEX FOR PRE-SOWING SEEDS TREATMENT
Beamcomplex Company produces portable complexes for pre-sowing treatment of seeds with X-rays.
The module ensures the accuracy of the dose of seeds irradiation with soft X-ray radiation of 1 gray.
Complex for pre-sowing seeds treatment with ionizing radiation
Mobile Module for pre-sowing treatment with ionizing radiation
Laboratory module for pre-sowing treatment with ionizing radiation
The module is designed for irradiation of seeds directly at production facilities and elevators. The module can be used as a stationary as well as a mobile one. For transportation the module is installed on a semitrailer and can be freely transported between facilities.

Module is equipped with:
  • Electron accelerators: operate in X-ray mode.
  • Radiation shield: Metal radiation shielding
  • Ozone exhaust system: depends on the module's capacity.
  • In-built pipeline system or conveyor system: supplies materials for treatment into the ionizing irradiation area .
  • Control system: dosimetry, conveyor speed control, electron accelerator control, fire extinguishing, cooling, ventilation and emergency shutdown of the accelerator.
Technical parameters:
  • Dimensions: mobile module - 10 x 2.3 x 2.3m without diesel generator, 12 x 2.3 x 2.3m with diesel generator; laboratory module - 1.5 x 1.5 x 2m
  • Power supply: mobile substation or diesel generator.
Safety
  • Module is equipped with radiation dose sensors.
  • Metal or concrete body ensure complete safety of employees from radiation.
TECHNOLOGY FOR PRE-SOWING SEEDS TREATMENT
MAIN PRINCIPAL
Electron accelerator generates X-rays which penetrate the seed through and accelerate its hereditary development program.

The phenomenon of the developmental stimulation effect can be explained by the formation of biologically active substances of a quinoid nature in the seed cells, which, in low concentrations, activate growth and development through nonspecific genome derepression, i.e., by transferring genes to an active state. At the same time, certain DNA zones are activated, which further promotes more intensive synthesis and activity of enzymes, including tryptophan synthetase, which regulates the synthesis of tryptophan, as well as the synthesis of the growth hormone heteroauxin, which accelerates the intensity of cell division, therefore, growth processes in seedlings are enhanced.

The effect of stimulation can be preserved during the entire ontogenesis, therefore, the growth and development of plants is accelerated, which ultimately leads to an increase in yield.

Seed treatment X-rays doses vary from 1 to 100 Gy. Each agricultural crop as well as each variety has its own dose of irradiation (see 'Scientific Reports' unit).

The Beamcomplex module ensures the dose of seeds irradiation with soft X-ray radiation with the accuracy of 1 gray.
BENEFITS OF TECHNOLOGY
  • the technology is researched and used for 50 years in the world
  • reduces the need of pesticides
  • environmentally friendly
  • no chemical agents are used, no chemical residues remain on the seed. The technology can be used for conventional and organic seeds
  • seeds of all agricultural crops can be processed with X-rays
  • irradiating seeds with X-ray in small doses guarantees the effect for total amount of processing seeds
  • high level of capacity - up to 150 tons per hour
EFFECTS OF PRE-SOWING TREATMENT WITH LOW DOSES OF RADIATION
1. The raise of harvest:
  • barley, wheat, rye, rice, soybeans, corn, sunflower, buckwheat, etc. - 1.3-1.6 times
  • potatoes, onions, garlic, carrots, beets, tomatoes, cucumbers, etc. - 1.2-1.8 times
  • flax - 1.5-1.7 times
  • iceberg lettuce, parsley, cabbage, dill, etc. - 1.4-1.8 times
  • Jerusalem artichoke, clover, rapeseed, etc. - 1.3-1.6 times
  • and others
2. Qualitative improvement of the properties of agricultural crops:
  • carrot - the concentration of carotene increases
  • sugar beet - the concentration of sucrose increases
  • potato tubers - increase in starch yield
  • cotton - the fiber becomes thinner and more elastic; the content of cottonseed oil in seeds increases
  • flax - fiber yield increases, its technical qualities sharply increase
  • tobacco - the amount of alkaloids increases
  • cabbage - the content of vitamin E in seedlings increased
  • maize - increase in protein
  • durum wheat - positive effect on the content of chlorophyll and the maximum quantum yield of irradiated plants.
  • and others
3. Increased resistance to the negative effects of exposure to pathogenic microorganisms and insects.
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
RESEARCHES IN IRRADIATING CROPS
active links
WHEAT research1 research2 research3 research4 research5 research6
MAIZE research
COTTON
Pre-sowing irradiation of cotton seeds with a dose of 1500 - 2000 r increases its yield by 3-6 c/ha, and the fiber becomes thinner and more elastic; the content of cottonseed oil in the seeds also increases. Irradiation of flax seeds not only increases the fiber yield, but also sharply improves its technical qualities. research
TOMATO research
BARLEY research
GREEN ALGAE research
ONION research1 research2
SOYBEAN research
BRACHYPODIUM DISTACHYON research
ARABIDOPSIS research
EPICHLOË FUNGAL ENDOPHYTE research

Irradiation of dry radish seeds with gamma rays at a dose of 500 r provided an increase in field yield by 11–37% (depending on the variety), and the weight of one root crop increased from 7.9 to 9.9 g. For carrots, a stimulating dose - 2500 - 4000 r gamma rays. In this case, the increase in yield reaches 24–26%, and the accumulation of carotene per unit of sown area increased by 56% (due to an increase in yield and accumulation of the vitamin).
The yield of cabbage from irradiated 2000 r seeds increased by 21%, and the content of vitamin E in seedlings increased by 46 mg%, in mature heads - by 9.1 mg%. Irradiation of corn seeds with a dose of 500 r increased the yield from 321 to 389 centners / ha - (by 21.2%, and the amount of protein per hectare increased by 38%, fat - by 42%, sugars - by 35%. The number of feed units in green mass of corn increased by 25%.
In tobacco, irradiation increases the amount of alkaloids, etc.
info@beamcomplex.com